Science & Technology

NASA’s ECOSTRESS Detects Amazon Fires from International Space Station

ECOSTRESS imagery of fires burning within the Bolivian Amazon on August 23, 2019. Pink areas present areas hotter than the sensor was designed to measure (roughly 220 levels Fahrenheit, or 104 levels Celsius). Darkish wispy areas point out thick smoke. Credit score: NASA/JPL-Caltech

NASA’s Ecosystem Spaceborne Thermal Radiometer Experiment on Space Station (ECOSTRESS) captured imagery of fires within the Amazon areas of Brazil and Bolivia on August 23, 2019.

The crimson areas within the pictures – in japanese Bolivia and northern Brazil – are the place floor temperatures exceeded the utmost measurable temperature of the instrument’s sensor (roughly 220 levels Fahrenheit, or 104 levels Celsius), highlighting the burning areas alongside the fireplace fronts. The darkish, wispy areas point out thick smoke – thick sufficient to obscure a lot of the fireplace from view. The measurements cowl areas of about 77 by 77 yards (70 by 70 meters) every, or in regards to the measurement of a soccer discipline.

ECOSTRESS imagery of fires burning within the Brazilian Amazon on August 23, 2019. Pink areas present areas hotter than the sensor was designed to measure (roughly 220 levels Fahrenheit, or 104 levels Celsius). Darkish wispy areas point out thick smoke. Credit score: NASA/JPL-Caltech

The first mission of ECOSTRESS is to measure the temperature of crops from the vantage level of the International Space Station. Nonetheless, it might probably additionally detect different heat-related phenomena like warmth waves, volcanoes and fires. Because of the area station’s distinctive orbit, ECOSTRESS acquires imagery of the identical areas at completely different occasions of day because it passes by overhead – as an alternative of crossing over every space on the identical time of day like satellites in another orbits do. That is notably essential when attempting to accumulate cloud-free imagery over perennially cloudy areas just like the Amazon.

ECOSTRESS launched to the area station on June 29, 2018. NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory in Pasadena, California, constructed and manages the ECOSTRESS mission for the Earth Science Division within the Science Mission Directorate at NASA Headquarters in Washington. ECOSTRESS is an Earth Enterprise Instrument mission; this system is managed by NASA’s Earth System Science Pathfinder program at NASA’s Langley Analysis Middle in Hampton, Virginia.

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