Science & Technology

Seosat-Ingenio: Preparing to Fly an Earth-Observing Genius

The brand new Spanish high-resolution land imaging mission, generally known as SEOSAT-Ingenio, will present high-resolution photographs of Earth’s land cowl. By imaging Earth’s land in outstanding element, the satellite tv for pc will profit society via numerous disciplines together with cartography, monitoring land use, city improvement and water administration. Credit score: ESA – P. Carril

Replace: Vega flight VV17 SEOSAT-Ingenio / TARANIS mission failure

8 minutes after liftoff of Vega mission VV17, following the primary ignition of the engine of the Avum higher stage, a deviation of trajectory was recognized, entailing the lack of the mission. Telemetry information analyses are in progress to decide the reason for this failure.

There can be a press convention Tuesday, November seventeenth, 2020 at 12:00 am Kourou time/4:00 pm Paris time.

Groups at ESA’s mission management heart are preparing to guarantee a brand new Earth remark mission safely begins its life in house. The SEOSAT-Ingenio mission will present high-resolution photographs of Earth’s floor, offering essential information to higher perceive the environment and for land, water and danger administration and safety.

The flagship mission from the Spanish Earth Remark Program will launch on Tuesday, November 17, at 02:52 CET from Europe’s spaceport in Kourou, French Guiana (22:52 on November 16 native time in Kourou).

Shortly after launch, the fledgling mission will set up communications with ESA’s ESOC operations heart in Darmstadt, Germany, the place groups will monitor and management the spacecraft throughout its intense first days in house, earlier than handing over management of the mission to Spain’s Nationwide Institute of Aerospace Expertise (INTA) for routine operations.

SEOSAT-Ingenio being hoisted into the Vega launch tower. Credit score: ESA/CNES/Arianespace/Optique Video du CSG–S. Martin

SEOSAT-Ingenio is brief for Spanish Earth Remark Satellite tv for pc, with ‘ingenio’ the Spanish phrase for ingenuity. The satellite tv for pc can be joined on its journey into house on board a Vega rocket by its co-passenger, the Earth remark satellite tv for pc Taranis of the French House Company CNES.

SEOSAT-Ingenio can be positioned into an orbit at an altitude of roughly 670 km. From right here, it’ll present high-resolution photographs of Earth’s land cowl that may have in depth makes use of throughout cartography, land use monitoring, city improvement, and water administration.

The Spanish satellite tv for pc can be ready to entry and picture any level on Earth’s floor inside three days, making it particularly useful for mapping unpredictable pure disasters resembling floods, wildfires, and earthquakes, in addition to serving to to perceive certainly one of humankind’s biggest challenges: local weather change.

The Kiruna S- and X-band station helps ESA’s Earth remark missions. The station is situated at Salmijärvi, 38 km east of Kiruna, in northern Sweden. The station is provided for monitoring, telemetry and command operations in addition to for reception, recording, processing and dissemination of information. Credit score: ESA-S.Corvaja

Throughout SEOSAT-Ingenio’s early days in house – the ‘Launch and Early Orbit Section’ – groups at ESA mission management will conduct a collection of maneuvers that may assist it attain its goal orbit,  speaking with the spacecraft utilizing floor stations together with ESA’s personal Kiruna station in Sweden.

After safely guiding the satellite tv for pc via this part, ESOC will hand management of SEOSAT-Ingenio over to an INTA management facility in Torrejón de Ardoz, Madrid, which can primarily talk with the satellite tv for pc utilizing their very own floor station in Torrejón.

Whereas SEOSAT-Ingenio is a Spanish nationwide mission, it’s the results of an worldwide collaborative effort. The mission is funded by Spain’s Centre for the Growth of Industrial Expertise (CDTI) of the Ministry of Science and Innovation, however was developed and managed by ESA.

The Launch and Early Orbit Section of a mission is essentially the most dangerous a part of its life. Newly lofted into house by its rocket, and never but totally ‘awake’, mission controllers should systematically activate key devices and take a look at its core capabilities, all of the whereas staying secure from the hazards of house.

To arrange for each eventuality, mission groups at ESA run via a collection of simulated launch situations beginning nicely earlier than elevate off. In some, the mission runs completely, ‘a nominal simulation’. In others, generally known as ‘contingency simulations’, issues are concocted and thrown in to assist groups develop methods to deal with any variety of points that might happen throughout the true mission.

See mission management come to life in ESA’s new dramatization, The Burn:

SEOSAT-Ingenio will be part of a fleet of Earth-monitoring spacecraft in one of many busiest house highways, low-Earth orbit. It will put it at potential danger of collision with the churning veil of house particles attributable to a long time of humanity’s spaceflight exercise.

ESA’s House Particles Workplace will calculate and monitor the danger of collision between SEOSAT-Ingenio and particles all through the Launch and Early Orbit Section. One frequent state of affairs for contingency simulations entails engineers from the House Particles Workplace difficult the groups to rapidly react to a possible collision and hold the spacecraft secure by manoeuvring it out of the trail of oncoming particles.

House particles. Credit score: ESA/ID&Sense/ONiRiXEL, CC BY-SA 3.0 IGO

For SEOSAT-Ingenio, the House Particles Workplace may even proceed to present collision avoidance assist after the spacecraft has been handed over to INTA.

A few days earlier than launch, mission controllers will undergo a ‘gown rehearsal’, during which they run via the launch sequence for the ultimate time, however this time related to the spacecraft in Kourou sitting on prime of its Vega launcher, getting reside information from the satellite tv for pc.

SEOSAT-Ingenio is scheduled to launch inside simply days of the latest addition to the European Union’s Copernicus program, Sentinel-6 Michael Freilich.

The Launch and Early Orbit Section of Sentinel-6’s mission may even be carried out from ESOC, so groups accountable for the 2 missions have been conducting overlapping units of simulations and gown rehearsals, all within the midst of the COVID-19 pandemic.

“There may be extra coordination wanted now than ever earlier than,” says Isabel Rojo, Spacecraft Operations Supervisor for SEOSAT-Ingenio. “It’s at all times a problem to have two launches so shut collectively, however because of the pandemic, the mission groups for SEOSAT-Ingenio and Sentinel-6 and their use of the amenities at ESOC have to be strictly separated.”

“The groups and infrastructure at ESA’s mission management are nicely ready for these challenges. We glance ahead to safely guiding SEOSAT-Ingenio via its important early days in house and setting it up for its essential Earth remark mission.”

Replace: Vega flight VV17 SEOSAT-Ingenio / TARANIS mission failure

8 minutes after liftoff of Vega mission VV17, following the primary ignition of the engine of the Avum higher stage, a deviation of trajectory was recognized, entailing the lack of the mission. Telemetry information analyses are in progress to decide the reason for this failure.

There can be a press convention Tuesday, November seventeenth, 2020 at 12:00 am Kourou time/4:00 pm Paris time.

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