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Sweet and Salty Sonora: Chocolate Mountains and a Salty Lake
Science & Technology

Sweet and Salty Sonora: Chocolate Mountains and a Salty Lake

December 1, 2020

This picture of the Sonoran Desert in Southern California was taken with a digital camera mounted on the surface of the Worldwide Area Station. Blocky patches of farmland are targeting each ends of the Salton Sea, and a quick part of U.S Interstate 10—which stretches over 2,400 miles (3,800 kilometers) from California to Florida—passes via the flat areas between the mountains. An array of photo voltaic panels stands north of the interstate.

The close by Orocopia and Chocolate Mountains are comprised of a mix of sedimentary, igneous, and metamorphic rocks alongside the San Andreas Fault, permitting a number of geologic options to be studied inside a quick distance. The mountains had been among the many places that Apollo crews visited to train for his or her journeys to the Moon. These “outside school rooms” allowed the astronauts to be taught the talents essential to make scientific observations in barren and difficult landscapes. Such fieldwork continues to be a part of astronaut training.

The Salton Sea, California’s largest lake, started growing in 1905 after an irrigation canal broke and allowed the Colorado River to fill the basin. This lake has no pure outlet, so water should evaporate to go away the system; this makes it saltier than the ocean. Water continues to circulation into the Salton Sea from agricultural runoff, however that runoff has decreased over time and doesn’t steadiness out the water misplaced to evaporation. Due to this, the lake is predicted to develop into saltier with time.

ISS Exterior Excessive-Definition Digicam {photograph} ISS064-E-8944 was acquired on December 1, 2020, with a Nikon D4 digital digital camera utilizing a focal size of 85 millimeters. It’s offered by the ISS Crew Earth Observations Facility and the Earth Science and Distant Sensing Unit, Johnson Area Heart. The picture was taken throughout Expedition 64. The picture has been cropped and enhanced to enhance distinction, and lens artifacts have been eliminated. The Worldwide Area Station Program helps the laboratory as a part of the ISS Nationwide Lab to assist astronauts take footage of Earth that shall be of the best worth to scientists and the general public, and to make these pictures freely accessible on the Web. Caption by Andrea Wenzel, Jacobs, JETS Contract at NASA-JSC.

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