Science & Technology

The Very Concept of Dark Matter Itself, Questioned in New Research

Dark Matter Concept

Fashions of galactic rotation curves constructed of a common relativistic framework may use gravitomagnetism to clarify the results of darkish matter.

Observations of galactic rotation curves give one of the strongest strains of proof pointing in the direction of the existence of darkish matter, a non-baryonic type of matter that makes up an estimated 85% of the matter in the observable Universe. Present assessments of galactic rotation curves are based mostly upon a framework of Newtonian accounts of gravity, a brand new paper revealed in EPJ C, by Gerson Otto Ludwig, Nationwide Institute for Area Research, Brazil, means that if that is substituted with a common relativity-based mannequin, the necessity to recourse to darkish matter is relieved, changed by the results of gravitomagnetism.

The foremost position of darkish matter, Ludwig factors out in the paper, has traditionally been to resolve the disparity between astrophysical observations and present theories of gravity. Put merely, if baryonic matter — the shape of matter we see round us on daily basis which is made up of protons, neutrons, and electrons — is the one type of matter, then there shouldn’t be sufficient gravitational drive to stop galaxies from flying aside.

By disregarding common relativistic corrections to Newtonian gravity arising from mass currents, and by neglecting these mass currents, Ludwig asserts these fashions additionally miss vital modifications to rotational curves — the orbital speeds of seen stars and fuel plotted in opposition to their radial distance from their galaxy’s middle. It’s because of an impact in common relativity not current in Newton’s idea of gravity — frame-dragging or the Lense Thirring impact. This impact arises when a large rotating object like a star or black gap ‘drags’ the very material of spacetime together with it, in flip giving rise to a gravitomagnetic subject.

On this paper, Ludwig presents a brand new mannequin for the rotational curves of galaxies which is in settlement with earlier efforts involving common relativity. The researcher demonstrates that regardless that the results of gravitomagnetic fields are weak, factoring them into fashions alleviates the distinction between theories of gravity and noticed rotational curves — eliminating the necessity for darkish matter. The idea nonetheless wants some growth earlier than it’s extensively accepted, with the creator notably declaring that the time evolution of galaxies modeled with this framework is a fancy downside that can require a lot deeper evaluation.

Ludwig concludes by suggesting that every one calculations carried out with skinny galactic disk fashions carried out up till this level could need to be recalculated, and the very idea of darkish matter itself, questioned.

Reference: “Galactic rotation curve and darkish matter in line with gravitomagnetism” by G. O. Ludwig, 23 February 2021, The European Bodily Journal C.

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